Mold is a word which is used to denote the fungi that grow in the form of multicellular thread-like structures called as hyphae. The type of fungus which sprouts from the small spores that float in the air is called mold. Yeasts are defined as fungi which exist as a single cell. Some of the yeasts and molds can cause the disease or food spoilage and others play a vital role in biodegradation or the production of various foods, antibiotics, beverages, and enzymes.
Mold is mostly found in damp building materials where it looks like stains and appears in a variety of colours. The musty smell indicated the microbial growth, but it does not visible growth. If mold affects your house or offices, it may lead to poor indoor air quality. Some molds like Serpula lacrymans, dry rot fungus is highly descriptive. If you want to know more details about dry rot fungus, you have to go through the Significance of Serpula lacrymans, Dry Rot Fungus.
For mold growth moisture is necessary. The washing, cooking, condensation, air humidifiers or leaks from plumbing or from the outside are the source of moisture. The poor ventilation leads to high humidity and also leads to condensation which is the main reason for the mold growth.
Molds release some small spores into the air. If the mold grows inside the house, the number of mold spores and fragments is high when compared to the outside. These spores are more enough to inhale deep into the lungs. The inhalation of spores causes severe respiratory problems. The mold spores are always found outside during the winter season.
We all hear about the dangers of exposure to mold in many media but precisely what mold is? Mold is not like an animal or a plant. It is one of the fungi. We eat some kinds of fungi like mushrooms and yeasts and also used to make bread rise. Some types of mold are used to make medicines like penicillin which is called as a life-saving antibiotic. Some of the molds are very harmed to our health.
More than hundreds of varieties of mold are found in both indoors and outdoors. Mold can quickly grow in damp, dimly-lit areas. In the indoors, mold can be found in some places like basements, bathrooms, attics and crawl spaces. Mol can also grow in some other places like the leak in the roof, leaky pipes, leaky windows or seasonal flooding. The commonly found indoor molds are chaetomium, Aspergillus, Penicillium, and Stachybotrys. Sometimes they are referred to as black mold, although most of the types of molds are black.
What are the illnesses caused by the mold?
The mold spores are tiny and light, so they can quickly become airborne. If the airborne is floating in the air, mold spores can easily be inhaled by anyone in the vicinity. It is not a good one to inhale any mold spores. Some of the molds can produce toxins called mycotoxins, which can easily cause various health problems.
The mold can easily affect people like the elder, young child, those who have respiratory problems like asthma, who has immune-related disorders. Mold does not affect all the people. If you have a mold problem in your home, even the healthy young child can get the mold affection. Even your pet also gets affected if you have excess mold in your home.
The mold causes some of the illness like histoplasmosis, aspergillosis, paracoccidioidomycosis, sporotrichosis, coccidioidomycosis, and systemic candidiasis (which is a yeast infection). Some of the symptoms of mold-related illness are:
- Itchy, red and watery eyes
- A running nose or stuffed up nose
- Asthma attacks or some of the asthma-like symptoms in people but not previously diagnosed with the disease.
- Rashes or hives
- Trouble breathing, wheezing, and shortness of breath
- The depressed immune system which causes to get the sick quickly.
- Chronic sinusitis (sinus infections)
- Lungs infection such as bronchitis and pneumonia
- Sore throats
The common type of mold is mildew which is found on the surface of damp walls, doors, showers grouting, and more. This type of mold looks like a small black spot and you can easily scrubbed away with the help of cleaning brush and store-bought mold killer.
Another variety of molds is very dangers to the house, based on the size of the infestation. You can get the musty odour in your house if the mold starts at your house. You have to check the carpet flooring, damp walls, and other spaces which also get affected by the mold. If you don’t care the mold affection in the early stage, it may cause the permanent damages to your house.
If you detect any mold in your home and also have related symptoms in your house, you have to contact the doctor for a diagnosis and treatment immediately. The symptoms will continue until you remove all the molds found in your home.